Lesson details

7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12

Social Studies


Civil War and Reconstruction


Post Reconstruction Period and the Effect on African Americans

Recommended Technology: 

student chromebook
teacher smartboard
brown paper bags, or  3' sheets of brown "bulletin board paper" from teacher supply room
charcoal, chalk, tempera paint, 
glue sticks 
small sheets  [9x12" ]  cardboard or poster board [to become "picture frames"]

The "Buffalo Soldiers": Contributions of the first African-American soldiers in the U.S. Army

Multiple days
Lesson type: 
Project Based Lesson
Lesson overview: 

In this lesson, students will learn the history of this group of patriotic, but little-known African American soldiers that were organized in the mid-1800s, right after the Civil War.  Two different divisions, the 9thand 10th Regiments of the U.S. Calvary [Calvary=Army soldiers who ride horses] came to be known by the nickname "BUFFALO SOLDIERS," and were given this name by Indians for TWO different reasons.   Fascinating interviews, photos, and videos will illuminate the "picture" of this historical group which is finally receiving more recognition, honor, and credit for their heroic service to our country.  

Essential Question: 

Who were the " BUFFALO SOLDIERS "?    Students will learn why this group of soldiers had the nickname "Buffalo Soldiers", how they contributed service to the United States, and how they dealt with the difficulties of racial discrimination during their service with the U.S. Army. 

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